Published: June 15, 2022 • Updated: January 14, 2023 • 2 min read
I write each post for this blog in Vim. Writing in the terminal makes me feel like a programmer, even when I’m not specifically programming. Check out ‘Why Vim’ for the full pitch.
In this post, I’d like to share my Vim spellcheck workflow.
Vim’s spelling help page is extensive, and can be viewed at:
It suggests enabling spelling like this:
:setlocal spell spelllang=en_us
When you to this, you’ll see words that Vim considers misspelled in red.
I enable spellchecking always in the markdown files I use to write this blog via a group in my .vimrc:
" ~/.vimrc augroup filetype_docs autocmd! autocmd FileType markdown setlocal spell augroup END
If you aren’t sure if spelling is enabled, check it with:
If this returns
spell, spelling is enabled.
nospell, it’s disabled.
Navigate between spelling mistakes with
[s in normal mode.
To fix a misspelling, put your cursor over the word and type
z= to see a list
of suggested replacements. Each replacement has a number, and you can choose
a replacement by typing its number:
Change "cryin" to: 1 "Crying" 2 "Cry in" 3 "Cr yin" 4 "Crayon" 5 "Ryan"
Type “1” to choose “Crying.”
Hang on now; I’m transcribing an Aerosmith song and I need my editor to stop complaining about “cryin.” That’s a word, as far as this blog is concerned.
This kind of mismatch happens in programming with words like “auth” and “navbar.” They may not be words in the dictionary, but they’re part of my work and I don’t benefit from my editor telling me they are misspellings. What to do?
To fix this, put your normal mode cursor on “cryin” and type
zg. This adds
the word to an allow-list of words that are considered okay.
To undo this action use
zw, which comments out the line in the dictionary
file. You can also remove the entry by hand from the spell file
~/.vim/spell/en.utf-8.add in my native language).
If you made a good fix with
z=, you can repeat that replacement for all
matches of the replaced word in the current window:
Often, the first suggestion Vim makes is the one that I choose. Consider a word like ‘Rubysit’, a transposition error of ‘Rubyist.’ I’ve added the latter to my dictionary of course, and that’s what Vim spell is almost certainly going to recommend first to me. For repetitive typos like this, I’d like to skip the word picker and just apply the first suggestion.
To do so, put your normal-mode cursor over the bad word and type
There’s a lot more to Vim spell than I’ve covered today. To learn all about it, check out the help page.
How do you use Vim spelling? Let me know on Twitter.
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